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History of Bangla Language
Bangla language is one of the most beautiful and popular languages spoken in South Asia. It is the official language of the country of Bangladesh and is also widely spoken in the states of West Bengal in India, the Barak Valley region of Assam, and Tripura, as well as in parts of Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Bangla is one of the twenty-two official languages of India.
The history of Bangla language is deeply embedded in the history of the region, which dates back more than two millenniums ago. During the ancient period the region’s culture and language was based around the Sanskrit-based Prakrit and Magadhi languages that were initially brought by Aryan settlers. The Brahmi script is believed to have been the script used to write these early languages.
With the spread of Buddhism in the region between 7th and 12th centuries, the Pali language was adapted in the area and was used for religious and literary purposes. Later, as the Sultan dynasty began to influence the area, the Persian language was adopted as the official language for court and state purposes. This led to a great influence that the Persian language had on the native Bangla language.
During the Mughal era, Bangla literature flourished and many poets emerged who began to write in the language. Poets like Alaol, Kaji Nazrul Islam, and Jasimuddin wrote extensively in Bangla and a large amount of Bangla literature was created.
Kolikata or Calcutta later became the center of Bengali literature with a surge of writers and poets. It became soon became known as the city of literature. Later in the 19th century, British rulers began to actively promote English as the language of education and administration in the region, and Bangla was pushed to the sidelines.
In 1948, after independence, Bangla was promoted as the national and official language of East Pakistan, the former eastern wing of the country of Pakistan. Later due to Bangla Language Movement, it was adopted as the official language of the newly formed nation of Bangladesh.
Despite centuries of foreign influences, the language has developed its own unique flavor and still remains the primary language of the region. It holds a special place in the hearts of Bengali people and is rich in its vocabulary, literature, and culture.